..

He ece cooea ea eyao ocy apco Pocc Aeceeca Cypae 

( 2 2014 .:  

e Cpco apaeco py ocyapceo y epoo coa (1912-1917 .). C (cea apao): A.C. Cyxao, B.H. eee, B.. c, H.K. Boo, H.B. Hepaco, C.B. Bocpo, M.C. Pce. Co (cea apao): B.M. Bep, A.H. Pycao, .H. Mao, .M. ao, A.A. ypo, A.. Pce, C.A. Tac.

Apcapx Pce eoa x ea paec eec cooea, x oopa e ae cox opocoo paeeecoo ye, a ey e o xo co cax x eee payp aaa pooo ea. o x eeoc cao pae oox, oa ee Cypae Aeceeca, eyaa opeooo ocyapceo y Pocc o Aypco oac.

eoa eyao 1907-1912 oax, a Apcapx Pce 1912-1917. Ceo a pacca o x eex, ocec, 1937 oy, paccpex ax a oe ece.

EOAKT KH

Haceee Aypco oac pao yace ope eyao ocyapceo y Pocc, oo aa c III coa, c 1907 oa. eo o oy eyao ocyapceo y ca eoa Hoae .

B cae aaa copecx ay A. Poaca 100 e aa aypa peca ocye cya Cypae (Aypca paa, 29.06.2006 .) yaaoc, o oey coeo pa ope 1907 oa eoa cya epeceeecoo ypae oca Cypaea. Ke .H. o coeo pa a coac eo oce 1917 oa?

Poc o 1 apa 1876 oa opoe apace Mococo (oa Paco) oac capoopeco cee. oce peaoo ya ocy Ca-eepypc eco cy, oop oo 1898 oy. ae pyc ooo eceo ec pax yepx Pocc, a 1902 oy epee Aypcy oac. ec o paoa o eco ac (acaopo) epeceeeco ypae. Oopeeo ao aac oeceo eeoc, copya c oac a, oo pe eo coea Oeca oee o aao opaoa. Cy o cey, .H. o aece e ooee op Cypaee 1905 oy epo aao o (e oa 11), e eo o oeco cococoao op ec o acpoao e. Aope .H. a, a ceaca oeceoo ee, opae eo yace paoe ecoo Cea ceyx e, oop poxo Xaapoce 1903 oy.

B 1907 oy ye e paac ypoo coea .H. aae pooee pao epeceeeco ap o oceoa aypco a poa Cypaee, xo pao. Toa epeceeec, pecc opoc pacpee ecoaooo cpoeca peao a eo.

ec aca eo op eyao ocyapceo y, ya o cope y o cecoo opocoo acee. Bo, eo aaypa yao coeaa cee opocoo pecae, oa aoeece, cecoo, oa axoc cee Cypaea aac ec xoco epeceeec opoca pec. Ta, oe cy pecae o Cypae, 31-e eco eep eoa ca eyao III- ocyapceo y (1907-1912).

co Ca-eepyp, e paoaa ocyapcea ya, .H. caaa py coa-eopaeco pa, a paoo oopo ce pa ca B.. e. Ho 1909 oy eo c o pa o ca ecap eyao, yo p o, o o ecap popeccc. c eo a py eeoc coa-eopao ocye, a oepy eoopx paecex poeo, acoc o cpoecy Aypco eeo opo. eeoc .H. a yoaac o c a 5- apco oepe coa-eopao (1908 .).

Ocoy co paoy ocye o cocpeoo ocoo Cpco apaeco pye. O coco pax ycx occx: o opoc ea, o epeceeecoy ey, o oxoe (a, oaaec, aa) p. Ka eya, o yacoa oca pa ax aoo, px ocyo, acoc, ax a O oee cepo a paa pa ce yee aee.

Oe ao .H. oepa paece aoopoe o aae cpoeca Aypco eeo opo. B ape 1908 . a paccopee epo cecc III ocyapceo y cepco ye cooe ece aoopoe O pcye coopye Aypco eeo opo. poe oepc eao pe oca eyao ocy, oo aoe eaeco peep-cpa .A. Coa opa oepa eyao-aeocoo, .. .H. a, cococoa p ooeoo pee.

Ao oepa .H. , a eya, paecey oy epecee paypc pa. C 1908 o 1910 o pa po oee 100 c epeceee, eo oa e o e o. Bopoco acpoae epecee o 7 pa! , oeo e, o c ooyeee p peee o cpoece opoa Aeceeca e Cypae eo epy.

B e 1912 oa eyaca eeoc .H. a aepac. Ha cey 3- pxoa 4- ocyapcea ya (1912-1917).

 .H. e p peo 1917 oa oo o oeco eeoc, pyc o coe ceaoc eco xoce. B 1937 oy ey o 63 oa o paoa y ceaco o ecoy ey ecxoe cea Bocpececoe Heopoco oac. B 1937 CCCP o po eacoe peee o apece cex x eyao ocyapceo y apcoo epoa, cope, 19 op, apecoa eoaa a. Ha acea po 19 op eo o acoeco aa poop ce epe aaa. epe ee, 26 op, aypc eya ocy eoa paccpe

APCTAPX PCEB

B 1912 oy a cey .H. y eyao ocyapceo y o Aypco oac pa Apcapx ao Pce. o yeoy cee ocoec o eya pecaee o Cypae, xo oa ye a oe opo ac opoa Aeceeca.

Ha oe coeo pa eyao A.. Pce Cypaee ye ecoo e (c 1907 oa) paoa eopooee Cypaecoo epeceeecoo opaoa. Tae, c c aao cpoeca Aypco eeo opo, o pa yoooe o Cypae yac paoax occ o oye oecex ee cpoeca eeoopox ye epax acepcx Aypco eeo opo. A c aao cpoeca opoa Aeceeca eo e pa pao occ o oye ee cpoeca opoa. Ta opao, a oe eo pa eyao ocy o ooo ec ee a Cypae, a ocec Aeceeca.

Apcapx ao Pce poc 13 ape 1883 oa cee Oco coo yea aaaco oac (e ceo Hepecoo paoa aaacoo pa) cee paocax eopyco. oce ooa oye Cpeece c 1897 oa paoa pacc oope Cpeecoo aeca Aypcoo oeca apoxoca. ae cy oope 3- ca 12-o yaca cpoec aaaco eeo opo. oce aepe cpoeca A.. Pce epe a paoy cyy cyaa aaaco eeo opo.

 oce peoox co 1905 oa yoe c eeo opo yexa Cpeeca . aoeec, oya cope epeexa a pc oapeca aceo Tpyaoa, oope axoc epxox pe e, e cy aey aepao ac. ae o coco opo epyc aoeec, e paoa caaa epeceeeco ypae aoeecoo ya eopooee, a cope ycpoc eopooee aep Cypaecoo epeceeecoo opaoa Aypcoo paoa. Oopeeo aac Cypaee cecx xoco (e 50 ec aeo e). e ce. y A.. Pcea c, oop yep oxopoe a Cypaeco ae.

Ha capo ape Cypae, cocaeo capoo C. aape, o A.. Pcea yaa eoay o eo aoa.

 B ocye A.. Pce o coca Tpyoo pa yacoa eeoc Cpco apaeco py, ae coco eo ycx occ: epeceeeco, o yx cooe p. epeco, o c 1915 oa pa pyoo oa ca A.. Kepec, yy peceae Bpeeoo paeca Pocc. A.. Pce, a paee .H. , ao oepa peee o ycpoce opoa Aeceeca, oyoa o o ecoo cae.

A.. Pce peao a eyao ocyapceo y, o ceecye, apep, eo eeoc 1917 oy.
 Bo opo ya, xapaepy eo paoy o epo a eyaa:

B epaco peo 1917 oa A.. Pce axoc oe a yax oepa c c ocyo.
pa yace aco coea eo y, poxoe oypyo ae, epx aceax epopacoo Coea paox coacx eyao, a pecae Tpyoo py.

o opye Bpeeoo oea ocyapceo y (BK) epopacoo Coea ocea oce ac, pacappoae epopae, ce yaa oo. B aae apa oca eepay e Aypco oac, oopo cooa o ae apcoo paeca pa ac co py. Bexa occapo BK Bpeeoo paeca oce ac, pacappoae Apxaece (6 apa). Koccap BK Bpeeoo paeca Aypco oac. Bo pe poea o Aypco eeo opoe o p a eco pooc pe o peoox cox epopae.

oce coe c ce ooo occapa Bpeeoo oea ocy Bpeeoo paeca Aypco oac o paoa Koee oeceo eoacoc aoeeca. Ka epo coeo eyaca, a oce eo A.. Pce ao copya aypcx aeax, ca ca o pa opoca.

oce Opco peo paaco o A.. Pce, e p coeco ac, yexa Aypco oac. B 1920-1930-x oax o poa pax opoax cpa, o ce Xaapoce, Moce. Ka x eya ocy, o epoec 1920-1930-x oax oepac pa pepecc. 1937 o aca 53-eeo A.. Pcea Kaaxcae, Aa-Ae. Ca o pexa 1936 oy, o, aee aepc a pocopax oo cpa. ec o paoa peopo eo ce Aa-acoo oacoo acooo oea. Eo apecoa 2 apa 1937 oa. oce ox opoco o o yac acoeco eppopceco opaa Boea oe Bepxooo Cya 3 cep 1937 oa poopa eo ce epe. B o e e Apcapx Pce paccpe. (Peapoa o oo cyc oea ao peya BC CCCP o 16 ap 1989 oa).

B 1937 oy apecoa eo ey Oy Aecapoy (1891 .p.), yoo paa o poecc. pocxoee op, oa a oep apcoo eepaa A.A. opoaecoo. e, ca, a ocaoo epeca opa. K cac, 1939 oy e ocoo o poecc yoo paa ooa, o cyoc ocaee. A e o Mapapa aoa pyea (1927 .p.) e ecoo e aa a Aa-Ae, e o oa ye a 80 e

Taoa a, pao oe, cya yx ax eo A.. Pcea .H. a, oe cy cax eyaa ocyapceo y Pocc apcoo epoa oaoo oopaac paccpeo epo accox pepecc 1937 oy.

ya ea ooo paee Ee APH.
Ap 2 2014