The Story about demonstration of historical tricks

The Story about demonstration of historical tricks in connection with the 450-years anniversary of the Union of Lublin

It is not lucky for a "political democratic traditions" in the modern Russial "historical science" and "historical literature".

For example. What do we know about the Novgorod Republic? About its destiny?

Not a lot of.

About the Hanseatic League they, in general, try not to speak. 

A presenting, demonstrating of the democratic system of the Republic is mixed  with irony - "who will shout louder at the Veche".

The tragic fate of the Republic is camouflaged by historical comparisons.

However, the Novgorod literary sources "appear".

From birch bark letters we learn that ordinary people in the Republic were able to read and write!

And from the text of these birch bark letters before us appear humanistic, attractive images.

Or, for example, the fate of the Don Host Oblast.  She lived up to the revolutionary changes of 1917.

But whatever happens, no matter how hot: "do not remember! hush!"

Sergei Sergeyevich, accordingly, was very surprised when he listened to the news and did not have time to turn off the radio.

Began a historical program dedicated to the Union of Lublin.

"The Seimas in Lublin began in January 1569 and continued intermittently until August because of the struggle of the Polish nobility for dominance, Lithuanian nobles — for the preservation of independence. The act of Union was signed on June 28, 1569 and on July 1 of the same year it was approved separately by Polish and Lithuanian deputies on the General Sejm in Lublin. On July 4, the Union was ratified by the king of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania Sigismund II Augustus." (Wikipedia.)

Both the content of the radio program and the manner of its presentation were interesting.

The Union of Lublin formed a new European state in 1569. One of the participants of the program do himself a tense and... he said (once for the entire program) – “Rech Pospolita” ("Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth"), which means "Common cause".

“Why did they decide to do this program?” - Sergei Sergeyevich reflected. – “It is easier to gloss over the theme. To tell nothing.”

Apparently, there was a complex set of reasons.

Firstly, in the West (including Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine) the discussion of this topic began.

We, too, are modern, a European educated people, we are not lagging behind the events!

Secondly, there are skills. We will show ourselves as loyal historians.

Third, somewhere in the depths of the soul it is terrible to be in the role of North Koreans or Uighurs. And perhaps there is an understanding of historical links with European traditions.

By itself, the presentation of the program looked peculiar.

There are two participants of the program who discuss the issues of history. But, perhaps, there is also some important person (the prototype of Karabas-Barabas) who somewhere behind the scenes listens - and what-there they speak?

He listens-listens, and - let participants of transfer wag tails - the irritation is filling him, pouring into him.

Approximately in 12 minutes prior to end of hour (in queue - the following news of hour) the music begins to accrue, to sound more and more loudly.

Participants promise to add something ...

The "local news" begin... But also after them even there are  a 6-7 minutes before  the following news. The song about a summer rain is put...

There was a continuation? Or not? How the program finished?

What it seemed an interesting to Sergei Sergeyevich in the heard transfer?

The whole topic was presented not as the creation of the Rech Pospolita, but as the "collapse" of the Second Rus' (the Grand Duchy of Lithuania).

So, the Union of Lublin in 1569 is not the creation of a new, unique, democratic European state, but the "collapse"...

Okay, a modern historical ideology need a "thin" actions... Some kind of "diplomacy" is necessary...

Why the Union of Lublin was, why he took place?

Here the participants of the program presented a plurality of positions.

From one side, a long historical process led to the Union of Lublin. During this process, the Union of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania has shown its historical effectiveness. At first, the Union was dynastic, and only in 1569 acquired the "constitutional basis".

The victory in the Battle of Grunwald (1410) was mentioned.

From the other side, the Union of Lublin is a project of the Vatican and the Holy Roman Empire.

And the Livonian Order is NATO of that time.

Paradoxically, it turns out. The Vatican and the Holy Roman Empire made a support, that the Teutonic Order (with it was the Livonian Order) was defeated?

The Russian people have to tell thanks to Vatican and the Sacred Roman Empire! Perhaps at this moment Karabas-Barabas  began to be filling by rage?

From the third side, the history of the Union of Lublin is a history of poisonings.

Oh, as terribly. People at that time were more simple-minded, but still poisoning, if they follow one another, become the object of attention... Perhaps some poisonings also took place (we will remember some details from history of medieval Italy), but to do the Union of Lublin as if a result of numerous poisonings is an obvious exaggeration.

At this moment the transfer approached up to an usual historical nonsense, a historical fake...

Sergei Sergeyevich learned also something new.

It turns out that there was a thinker Stanislaw Orzechowski, who wrote a book called "Pyramid" (1564). As reported in the transfer, this book was a project of the creation the Rech Pospolita...

("In 1549, fascinated by the example of a priest from Cracow, Orzechowski [a Catholic priest with a high position] decided that he could marry, relying on secular power, on his rights of a nobleman (member of szlachta), according to which he could not be punished without a trial in the Sejm. Indeed, the following 1550 Orzechowski … before a meeting of the gentry (of members of szlachta), stated that at the base the  false teachings the Church of Rome about the celibacy of the clergy,  — the devil's doctrine. The local Bishop demanded Orzechowski to a court procedure, but Orzechowski sent (returned) an official call [document] back and transferred the case of marriage to the Petrokovsky Sejm. Supported by the nobility, Orzechowski in the Senate, in the presence of the king and the higher clergy, made a speech about the moral advantages of an Orthodox, married, priests over a celibate priests and soon married." Wikipedia. (A "case", apparently, finished because of death of the wife. Anyway, Stanislaw Orzechowski came off the situation been alive, with a healthy, with a liberty, with a property and with a historic glory... A democratic Republic...)).   

Sergei Sergeyevich heard about the book by Orzechowski and the version about her, the book, political value with interest.

Sergei Sergeyevich, if in his sphere of attention the relevant materials, he get acquainted with them.

Therefore, the logic of the program - in principle - it is clear.

At first he assumed that nothing would be said about the szlachta at all.

But no. One of the participants once or twice said the words the "szlachta [szlachtian] democracy". However, there is reservation. This democracy was a time bomb and led to the collapse of the Rech Pospolita (the Commonwealth).

The tongue Twister was said that the gentry, members of szlachta, chose "sovereign". - - But with such turn of affairs, allegedly, the Sacred Roman Empire was very dissatisfied. (In general, participants of the program tried to present in the form of Karabas-Barabas not of that mysterious person who did not allow to listen of their transfer in whole - and the Sacred Roman Empire. Somewhere behind the scenes this Empire, allegedly, constantly plans something against the Grand Duchy of Lithuania... At the same time Empire somehow not badly, good organized the life of the citizens - the Magdeburg rights (the Magdeburg Law), for example...).

So, what conclusions can be drawn from this transfer - if not to consider those several potentially possible minutes,  when transfer, perhaps, continued, but Sergei Sergeyevich because of some unknown person was forced to listen to local news and the song about a summer rain.

The main thing was not told:

1) about institutes, democratic institutes of the Rech Pospolita, of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania - about the advanced institutes for Europe of that time (two-three times were mentioned in the program the Magdeburg rights).

If to use modern terms, then in the Rech Pospolita, Grand Duchy of Lithuania a rights of the personality existed, there were a parliament and juries. 

2) about outstanding culture, about an opportunity for many inhabitants of the Rech Pospolita, Grand Duchy of Lithuania -  free to move, get an education at one of the oldest universities of Europe, at the European universities.

3) that the members of szlachta were the people's nobility. The share of the szlachta in the structure of the population was very high. Respectively, the considerable mass of the population used the political rights and freedoms ...

What it is possible to draw a conclusion on.

Modern "historians" are Nikolay Mikhaylovich Karamzin's successors. But Karamzin with advantage made the history of Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Rech Pospolita "transparent", hardly visible, almost distinguishable. Kind of there was also no such the history.

The modern "historical science" (in a many cases) is  a shift of accents, a fakes, a fables, a historical nonsense, a sense stamps (a repeatings), a concealment, a purposeful silence.

With a history a politics is connected. With politics – a diplomacy, a practical actions...

Sergei Sergeyevich wanted cheerful thoughts...

Yes! By the way! Nilus flows into the Baltic Sea!...

And in the Novgorod Republic there lived attractive humanistic people who were able to read and write....

On July 9, 2019 15:37

Translation from Russian into English: July 10, 2019 02:41.
Владимир Владимирович Залесский “Рассказ о демонстрации исторических фокусов в связи с 450-летием Люблинской унии”.